Book Signing & Reception with the Artist Friday, June 1st 6-9 p.m.
When Chicago-based photographer Allen Bourgeois is not shooting professionally he is working on the streets with his Leica. His professional work feeds the family, with the majority of that work being health-care related. But it is definitely his personal work which is his passion, and that is what feeds his soul. His influences range from Harry Callahan to Garry Winogrand, with Henri Cartier-Bresson and Robert Frank perhaps being the most notable. Allen’s street work has also taken a more serious direction since picking up a Leica M Monochrom a couple of years ago. “It’s a camera that just gets out of the way.”
His new book, Streets, Alleys and Other Urban Observations, has just been released and is available at the gallery.
Nicholas Pinto is an Italian-American photographer with an eye for the moments found in everyday life. Born and raised on the Southwest Side of Chicago, Illinois. After serving in the United States Army, he picked up a camera as a way to express himself. This unique background has given him a rare view of the people and places found in front of his lens. A graduate of Columbia College, Pinto currently resides in Chicago with his wife and two sons. He teaches workshops for the Leica Akademie USA and his photographs have been in galleries around the United States.
Lluis Ripoll is from Catalonia (Barcelona, Spain), where he is a street photographer who specializes in photographing the mundane on the streets and in storytelling through photography. Honoured by several awards, Mr. Ripoll is known as "The Invisible Photographer" for his speed and stealth.
"Only our own sensibility, capacity of observation, of reaction, of visualization, will provide our own creation. Not technology, we need a deep inner reflexion and a feed back to the concepts of the Humanistic Photography. The key is Observation, Invisibility, and Capturing the essential."
OPENING RECEPTION with the ARTIST
ARTIST TALK & BOOK SIGNING: Thursday, September 28th
Growing up in London, Matt Stuart spent most of his childhood rolling along the streets on his skateboard. Twenty years later, he walks these same streets, and instead of hearing the hum of skateboard wheels, he hears the click of the shutter being fired from his Leica rangefinder camera.
When Matt Stuart was in his twenties his father gave him two books, one by Henri Cartier-Bresson and the other by Robert Frank. It was then that he became enamored of the world of street photography and discovered other artists who were doing the same. Today, when he isn’t at home with his family, he is either working as a commercial advertising photographer or pursuing his passion for documenting life on the streets.
Matt is represented by Magnum Photos.
The Feeling Is Mutual is a group exhibition that examines the concept of family values through the work of four emerging portrait photographers. Each artist photographs within their own family, be they biological or chosen. There is an emotional investment in portraying the subject because of the intimate relationship between the photographer and their subject. The result of this investment shows in the mutual affinity one can sense and see in the photographs.
This exhibition is funded in part by Columbia College’s Weisman Award.
Joseph Wilcox (b. 1984) is an artist and educator living in Chicago. His 'zines are part of small publishing libraries nationally and internationally. As an artist, Wilcox takes on the role of object-maker, documentarian, curator, and project organizer to explore how institutional control and social power structures undermine the autonomy of the individual. He was most recently the co-founder and photo editor of LDOC, a free yearlong photography and creative writing publication that was distributed on the Red Line train in Chicago. Wilcox holds a BFA from Kendall College of Art and Design and an MFA from the Lesley University College of Art and Design. He is a current resident in HATCH Projects and teaches contemporary art practices to high school students in Chicago.
"Hall Pass" is a student-based project for which Mr. Wilcox's students use a Canon AE-1 film camera as their hall pass, and make photos during their time away from class...
On sale at the Opening Reception are 'zines and prints of "Hall Pass."
All sales from this Exhibit images and 'zines go to the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe DAPL Donation Fund, as suggested and voted on by the students.
Mark Ballogg, an internationally respected architectural photographer based in Chicago, has photographed diverse projects worldwide including the Korean World Trade Center in Seoul and the Frick Chemistry Building at Princeton University. Since 1982, he has collaborated with a wide range of clients including Chicago-based VOA Associates Incorporated, an architectural design firm, and Lettuce Entertain You Enterprises, one of the nation’s largest independent hospitality groups.
After graduating with a BFA from Columbia College/Chicago, Ballogg spent 13 months in Paris thanks to a Bourse d’ Etude, a scholarship from the French government. For the last 30 years, his personal and commercial work has been exhibited widely and featured in numerous publications.
Olivier Meyer is a contemporary French photographer born in 1957. He lives and works in Paris, France. His photojournalism was first published in France-Soir Magazine and subsequently in the daily France-Soir in 1981. Starting from 1989, a selection of his black and white photographs of Paris were produced as postcards by Éditions Marion Valentine. He often met the photographer Édouard Boubat on the île Saint-Louis in Paris and at the Publimod laboratory in the rue du Roi de Sicile. Having seen his photographs, Boubat told him: "At the end of the day, we are all doing the same thing...".
Additionally, Special Guest Artist Brissa Del Mar displays a recent image.
Adam Jason Cohen (b. New Jersey, 1986) is a photographer currently living and working in Chicago, Illinois documenting the social landscape and human condition with a focus specifically on the South and West Sides of Chicago. After attending the BFA-Photography program at AIB-Lesley University he soon found himself at home in Chicago, where he has lived the past seven years. His work has been showcased in print and online in local and international publications. He also produces his own small-run limited edition books documenting his work in Chicago and is currently working on a number of larger scale bodies of work soon to be published.
Anja Bruehling is a German-born photographer, who resides in Chicago. Anja's passions are people, diverse cultures and the human condition. She makes her observations thru her eyes, heart and camera. She wants the world to see and remember places, prosperity, beauty, love, people and the socio economic problems they face. Anja studied with late Mary Ellen Mark, who was a mentor and a friend.
"India is a fascinating place and a true microcosm of human life. Spanning the entire spectrum from joy to sorrow, from extreme wealth to extreme poverty, from top notch medical care to non-existent, from hunger to extreme gorging, from healthy to the sick. India is a place where every single idea about human living, about life and its associated philosophies, about political systems, about law and order can be explored. You can come away extremely sad, depressed and rejecting of everything that is India. Alternatively, you come away with an exhilarating feeling to explore more, do more, try more, and live more in every facet of one’s life. This is driven simply by taking a look at how even the lowest of the low, the poorest of the poor are driven to work hard, live hard and take life in its stride with all that it has to offer."
Our world’s cultures are rich, societies differ in mannerisms, and peoples celebrate life (and lives) in vastly diverse ways. Working quietly with inconspicuous Leica rangefinder cameras, in a “street photography” or “decisive moment” style is my preference in pursuit of honest views of humanity.
“Images which reflect quirkiness in society, mixed with spontaneity and some humor, are what I strive to create. From a young photojournalist, through decades of sports coverage, advertising commissions in adventure /lifestyle, and back to pure documentation (now including documentary cinema), have influenced the style of this and other long-term photographic projects I’ve produced. An on-going endeavor, “Dia de los Muertos” (Day of the Dead) is a historical view of the Mexican/ Latin culture honoring their loved ones who have since past from our world.”
For 120 years the steel industry dominated a landscape where marshes, prairies and wooded terrain had thrived; an ecosystem that has reemerged after the last shuttered mill, to circle back as an example of urban ecological survival. “Along the Edge” documents nature’s return within the city limits of abandoned industry, rail yards, neighborhoods and Indiana’s border on the southeast side of Chicago.
"I’ve been photographing since the late 70s: people on streets, solitary places and arbitrary things. A roll of film and the willingness to continue have resulted in exhibits throughout Chicago, with portfolios in the Museum of Contemporary Photography (1995-2004) and works displayed at Photokina World’s Fair for Imaging."
Olivier Meyer is a contemporary French photographer born in 1957. He lives and works in Paris, France. His photojournalism was first published in “France-Soir” Magazine and subsequently in the daily France-Soir in 1981. A selection of his black and white photographs of Paris were produced as postcards by “Éditions Marion Valentine,” beginning in 1989.
His inspiration came from Henri Cartier-Bresson, Édouard Boubat, Saul Leiter. His portrait of Aguigui Mouna sticking his tongue out like Albert Einstein, published in postcard form in 1988, and subsequently as an illustration in a book by Anne Gallois served as a blueprint for a stencil work by the artist Jef Aérosol in 2006 subsequently reproduced in the book VIP. His photographs have been exhibited in Paris in April 2008, and again in January 2010, together with photographs by Ralph Gibson.
A self-taught photographer from Minsk, Belarus, Kirill Polevoy first started making photographs with an old Russian "Zorki" film camera in 2003. In 2010, he switched to the digital format and primarily works in black and white. Mr. Polevoy currently resides in Chicago, where he concentrates on street photography with occasional landscape.
Sarah Filipi hung up her paralegal cap for an artist sombrero in 2013. Sarah is a nature-loving, adventure-seeking photographer based out of Minneapolis. Her free-spirited, environmentally conscious and optimist soul seeks beauty. She operates on instinct and chance. She has bold ideas and ignites influential change in others.
"I found myself running one bright, warm and crisp fall morning. While running, I spotted something shinny on the path. As I got closer, I discovered a crushed Mountain Dew can. I picked it up, examined it and carried it home to recycle, thinking, 'Today, I’m going to make a difference.' For the next 365 consecutive days, I kept a promise I made to Mother Nature and myself. I would pick up, photograph and document one piece (often several) of trash I found interfering with nature. Thus, my project, R-365, became a personal undertaking to leave the places I visited more beautiful than I found them."
Photography has been in my life for more than 50 years. I took some basic classes in college but have no formal training. My equipment has ranged from simple to complex, from film to digital now, but throughout I look for the nonobvious in everyday things and for that spark in people.
One Another is part of The Rangefinder Gallery “From Shutter to Show” initiative, which nurtures and supports local artists and collectives by providing Leica cameras to use to create images for an exhibition. The artist or collective curates their images, prints their images, and helps to mount the show.
The goal of the “From Shutter to Show” initiative is for the artist or collective to create an exhibition themselves in a professional setting, using state-of-the-art photographic gear, and with the support of Tamarkin Camera and The Rangefinder Gallery.
David S. Bush, Ph.D. is a double board certified neuropsychologist, based in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida. He has over 30 years of professional experience and specializes in providing expert consultation in civil litigation cases, which involve claims of traumatic brain injury and other types of mental damages. He has testified in hundreds of legal proceedings, and authored several book chapters, book reviews and journal articles on forensic and general neuropsychology.
“The act of taking a street photograph involves a rapidly coordinated sequence of perceptual, affective, cognitive, and visuomotor responses, all of which hover just below and right around the threshold of awareness. Becoming conscious of these mostly automatic and semi-automatic processes represents a special type of self-examination that deepens awareness and expands creative choice.”
The images that comprise Calle Habana were made across visits to Cuba in April 2013, February 2014 and April 2015.
Don Getsug studied photography at the University of Minnesota under Jerome Liebling and R.Smith Schuneman. His first job was with Merle Morris Studio, Minneapolis. which specialized in corporate and advertising. He did everything from editorial annual report shoots to shooting pies for Pillsbury. In 1965, Mr. Getsug joined Rapho Guillumette Pictures, working for magazines: Life, Time, Sports Illustrated, Newsweek, National Geographic and Look. By the 70’s he concentrated more on advertising, working out of his Minneapolis studio. He began to get work from Chicago, where he moved in 1981. Since then he has maintained a studio here, and continue to photograph.
My work illustrates a need to find order in chaos with representation and creative interpretation held in precarious balance. I'm always looking to go beyond documentation, to elevate the image to a new level of emotional and intellectual vibrancy, to arrange and distill complex disparate elements into a dynamic whole.
I consider myself a traditionalist who embraces technology, and the move from analog to digital has been liberating, creatively. After 30 plus years as a professional architectural photographer, I have learned to recognize the moment that illuminates a project in it's best light. More importantly, my experience has nurtured a core intuition that helps me instantly pre-visualize the final image and capture compositions that blend grace and simplicity with visual complexity.
Every subject has a point at which its expressive potential is fully realized, and I strive to reach that point. At it's best, the resulting image is transformative, the photograph is no longer just a document, but a new and surprising re-imagining that transcends the captured subject.
From the practice of Zen Buddhism I have learned that our existence is composed of interconnected relationships. This notion has inspired me to use photography to reveal and establish such dynamics and connections. While in Japan, I attended Nagoya University where I gained BS, MS, and Ph.D. degrees in Neuroscience. After moved US in 1992, I started using camera and capture the people and city of Chicago. I learned photography from photojournalist Damaso Reyes.
My series “Lights in Chicago” has roots in the previous pictures I took, but the project officially started in 2011. For “Lights in the City” I have been using a off camera flash on streets. I use light trees positioned behind the subject to produce the backlit effect. Through unique illuminations, I aim to capture social and cultural complexities within our society. In opening my own mind to new and often frightful vulnerabilities, I offer the viewer an opportunity for parallel understanding and connectivity.
"Images provoke mood and emotion." I primarily work in black and white film photography, but as of late, I have started to incorporate color photography into my visual repertoire. I feel black and white evokes a stronger emotion in photography, but color film has it place, too. I started shooting color slide film as a way to find color in the dark Chicago winters. While riding my bike throughout the winter, I found a satisfaction of finding hints of color in the darkness. I then parlayed that exercise into shooting color images when I would travel to islands and beaches. The amazing colors and light are well suited for color film.
Ming Thein is a fine art and commercial photographer based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. He graduated from Oxford University at 16, and left a successful corporate career in 2012 to shoot because the need to create something grew to the point of no return, and photography was able to satisfy that need. He has had several solo exhibitions in the past in Kuala Lumpur and has a diverse international client base ranging from automotive to luxury goods to architecture and heavy engineering. Ming is also a member of Getty Images, a prolific writer and operates the thinking photographers’ website www.mingthein.com, which has an archive of over 1,100 articles on every photographic topic under the sun. Together with Wesley Wong of Giclee Art, he has developed an extremely high resolution ‘Ultraprint’ process which is as close as we can currently get to a digital contact print, and has the sole aim of increasing transparency in an image to maximise its narrative qualities. 2015 marks his first year in the fine art market.
Robert Shults is based in Austin, Texas. His work has been exhibited at The Print Center, Candela Gallery, and The Camera Club of New York. His publication credits include The New Yorker, The Guardian, Slate, WIRED, Smithsonian, and The New York Times. More of his work is available at robertshultsphoto.com
Jeff's background is based on years of training as a watercolor artist. By career, a food photographer with 30 plus years of experience, Jeff has been featured in Popular Photography, Shutterbug, PDN and awarded a James Beard nomination. His passion is his personal work where he is lucky enough to train with Ansel Adams, Arnold Newman and George DeWolfe.
Years of watercolor training coupled with Monet's inspiration to paint the atmosphere and see beyond the obvious is the foundation of who I am as an artist and what I want my work to communicate. I produce photography that is transformative and empowers the viewer to dream of a place they may never have perceived.
Nicholas Pinto is an Italian-American photographer. He grew up on the southwest side of Chicago. He spent a few years serving in the United States Army and subsequently studied Fine Art Photography at Columbia College. After graduating, Pinto has worked as a freelance photographer and designer. Since that time, he has “been actively challenging myself to take photographs through every stage of my life” and he does so with a masterful eye and a keen awareness of the surreal aspects of the ordinary reality present on every street corner. He lives with his wife and his “awesome little boy” in Chicago.
Born in Chicago, Jay King began taking photographs in 1962 at the city's Riverview Amusement Park. After completing a BA in history at the University of Wisconsin, Madison (1966) he embarked on a profession as a commercial photographer. In the meantime, as can be seen in his photographs of street scenes in Chicago from the late 1960s, King was developing his sensibility as a street photographer while drawing on the work of Henri Cartier-Bresson and Robert Frank as models. Photographing ordinary activities and commonplace occurences in the neighborhood, he attempted to capture the variation in lifestyles and the ways in which different kinds of people coexisted.
Daniel Stranahan is a Chicago-based photographer working in the documentary and reportage tradition. The images in “Our Liberty is Bound Together” reflect an ongoing exploration of Chicago, Illinois, the Great Lakes and Miami, Florida.
Photojournalist Dennis Chamberlin has worked for a number of publications throughout the world but most of his professional career was spent living and working in Poland. He covered the fall of communism and reintegration of Europe for various international publications for over 15 years. He now lives in Iowa.
I first visited Poland during the final days of martial law. I was in search of family roots and in addition to finding family I also found a place where I felt at home. The summer of 1983 opened my eyes to the possibilities that lay before me. In the past 25 years Poland has changed dramatically but there is something indelible about that country during the 1980s that makes it hard to let go.
When Chicago-based photographer Allen Bourgeois is not shooting professionally he is working on the streets. His professional work feeds the family, with the majority of that work being health-care related. But it is definitely his personal work which is his passion, and that is what feeds his soul. His influences range from Harry Callahan to Garry Winogrand, with Henri Cartier-Bresson and Robert Frank perhaps being the most notable. Allen’s street work has also taken a more serious direction since picking up a Leica M Monochrom a couple of years ago. In his words, “It’s a camera that just gets out of the way.”
The work in this exhibit, “Spontaneous Relationships,” captures those intriguing moments when all of the visual elements within the frame align, and chaos becomes clarified.
David Tepper is a Chicago based photographer. David works mainly in a black and white medium, either with digital or film cameras. First inspired by Minor White, and later by Imogen Cunningham, Irving Penn, Paul Caponigro, Douglas Beasley, Clelia Belgrado, and painters such as Vermeer, and Alejandro Rosemberg. David focuses on his sense of intuition and sensitivity as a means to create images of people and places. He hopes that his images are seen as offerings. Images that engage the viewer to see the human spirit. Images that engage the viewer to see beyond a seemingly simple landscape. Images that ask more questions than they answer. Images that show that we are all connected.
Born in Bangkok and trained at the Pacific Northwest School of Photography, Phillip Tawanchaya travels regularly with his Leica to world cities for his day job as a flight attendant. His work ranges among landscapes, cityscapes, photojournalism and portraiture, capturing urban moods and the people in them both internationally and at home here in Chicago. got2photo.com
Jim Meacci: Hard to track down. Suspected to have lived in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Memphis, Pittsburgh, PA, Rochester, NY, and Brescia, Italy, he can be spotted in the landscape, collecting stories from people, camera in hand, with a piano on his back. He loves to sing, make pictures, and write about it all. jimmeacci.com
Photography, as I view it, is a distillation of reality into a personal vision: a subtractive process.
This project has been my mirror - an attempt to deconstruct the illusions that make up our reality. I document my experiences, capturing scenes and split-second details as I see them, trying to share the diversity of the world I experience with the audience. Seeing with the camera is the best way I have found to feel close to the earth. My photography is an essential manifestation of my aliveness.
After working as a commercial artist, a young Rudolph Janu saw photographs by Cartier-Bresson and was so impressed that he decided on the spot to become a photographer. Janu’s career included commercial, architectural and magazine photography but by far his favorite was his street photography – capturing people in unguarded moments.
“Photography is a continuing visual engagement with life. What I see as a photographer is what I see as a man. My photographs are my journals, a measure of my response to life. The concept of expressing a total idea or sentiment in a single photograph is impossible to achieve. It is only through a constant re-working of what I feel to be the one or two truths of existence that anything approaching this ideal of a total statement can emerge."
"Bob's first professional assignment was to shoot a solar eclipse for the American Astronomical Association in 1972, and he worked freelance until he joined the Miami News Bureau in 1982. After leaving Miami he returned to freelancing, producing photos for brochures, CDs & vinyl, and websites, as well as black & white images for publications including the New York Times and Chicago Tribune. In 1997 he began shooting art projects; the photos on display here are from several of these collections. Bob’s work is currently on display in the Marquette Park Pavilion and The DePaul Art Museum. Bob shoots with a variety of gear in various formats, and Leica equipment has figured prominently in his images.
"Conversations with Strangers" is an exhibit of portraits taken across the US, from rural New Mexico to New York City, but mainly in northwest Indiana. DiBiase engages subjects directly and makes photos during these conversations, which may last a couple minutes or several days. Endlessly fascinated by faces, eyes, and texture, DiBiase seems equally curious about what two strangers choose to share with one another – how quickly trust can develop, or how guarded we can each be. DiBiase’s images are a product of these brief relationships between two strangers – the photographer and his or her subject.
David Spielman has traveled the globe with his cameras and has published three books: Southern Writers, Katrinaville Chronicles, and most recently When Not Performing (a collection of portraits of beloved New Orleans musicians, when not on stage). New Orleans is home for Mr. Spielman – his gallery and darkroom are located in the middle of the Garden District in a century-old skating rink. He remains influenced strongly by Walker Evans, Robert Frank and Henri Cartier-Bresson.
John Fraser works within the disciplines of Drawing, Painting, Sculpture, and Photography. Fraser’s earliest exhibited work was his photography, the primary focus of his practice from the mid-1970’s through the mid-1980’s. His early and current photographs are color compositions of forms, shapes, marks, and surfaces found in the built world that are in a state of flux, as affected by the passage of time.
Michael Steinberg has been an avid Leica photographer for more than 25 years. His love of photography is a perfect complement to his love of traveling. FACES OF THE WORLD is an exhibition of photographs of Michael’s travels to Guatemala, Nicaragua, Cuba, Israel, Spain and India. Michael currently serves as the Executive Director of the Jewish Federation of NW Indiana in Munster, Indiana.
Michael Sullivan is a Leica photographer based in Madison, Wisconsin. Drawn primarily to street photography, Michael cut his Leica-teeth during the 2011 protests in Madison, which he covered extensively with a Leica M8. Michael’s primary motivation for the making pictures is to document life’s journey. His website is www.newnormalphotography.com.
A Chicago street photographer, John works mainly in black and white film but also in color slide film and 8mm video. First inspired by images his father made in Vietnam - and later by Kertez, Steiglitz, Bresson and by Frank, and painters such as Degas and Hopper - John focuses on human beings in relationship to constantly changing surroundings, and aims to show man in relation to his own nature and creations and how we all struggle to find a place. His website is here.
Michael Jarecki is a Chicago freelance photographer who received a B.A. in Photography from Columbia College in Chicago in 2007. Michael has worked with The Daily Journal in Kankakee, Illinois, and makes pictures for clients such as the Chicago Sun-Times, Time Out Chicago, Chicago Magazine among other commercial clients. Michael is represented by ZUMA Press.
Master Chef of Great Britain for nearly three decades, Simon has honed his craft in Europe's most coveted culinary establishments. He purchased his first camera in 2008 and immediately discovered a love for photography. A keen traveler, Simon uses every opportunity to take his skills to a new level with attention to detail and an empathetic eye that bring uniqueness to his photography. Simon is a native of England and currently lives in Scotland.
Ira Rubin practiced architecture in New York and Pittsburgh for 35 years. An avid black & white film photographer and Leica enthusiast, he is a member of Associated Artists of Pittsburgh and has exhibited his photographs in galleries, community centers, and restaurants in Pittsburgh. His work focuses not only on architecture but also on urban spaces and the people who live and work in them. This exhibit, titled “Statues and Street Scenes,” was stimulated by a 2010 trip to Prague and nearby Theresienstadt.
Bob was born in Gary, Indiana in 1955. He has been documenting life since 1971, when he and his camera joined seniors at Lew Wallace High School who walked out to protest a teachers' strike that would have prevented them from graduating. A graduate of Indiana University who has attended theLeica Akademie, his website is www.BobSoltys.com. Bob is a former Navy Officer who lives in Northeast Ohio with Lucky, a Jack Russell Terrier, Keuffel, a canary, and 50,000 bees.
A portion of the sales of Bob's photographs goes to the "Giving Back" program.
Fred was given his first camera at the age of six. Always taking photos and striving to learn more, Fred’s commercial career began to blossom in 2004 and by 2006 he had discovered within a great appreciation for detail and obscure viewpoints. An expert in studio lighting and portraiture, Fred seeks out new subject matter and differing points of view. This led to many images giving the viewer a new perspective, such as conveying how a small child would see the depicted subject matter. Constantly evolving, Fred’s interest is in possibilities and not limitations. Visit Fred's site at FredTeifeld.com
Lewis was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in 1950. He attended Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. He then attended the Institute of Design at Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago, Illinois. He taught at Columbia College in Chicago from 1973-81 as an Adjunct Professor of Photography. He was a faculty member at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago from 2007-2012. His website is www.lewiskostiner.com
Bit by the Leica bug back in 1988 when he worked in his father’s first showroom in New Haven, Dan is the eldest son of Tamarkin Camera founder, Stan Tamarkin and actress Janie Tamarkin. Trained as a writer and linguistic ethnographer at the University of Illinois here in Chicago, Dan has worked extensively as a theatrical lighting designer, teacher, performer and writer. A collector of tenor guitars as well as Leica cameras, Dan is also an avid outdoorsman.